In the medical aspect, there is a lot of words or terminologies that so hard to pronounce and memorize especially the scientific words. The complexity of the body reflects the complexity of their names, too. Hence, it needs a thorough practice to catch them all.

This time, let’s try to read some medical words but not those difficult ones which you commonly heard by the doctors or any medical professionals.


medical words and meanings-4

abdomen – the anterior portion of the body separated anatomically from the chest by the diaphragm, the powerful muscle spanning the body cavity below the lungs.

abnormal – deviating from the normal, average, or expected abnormal development results of the Pap smear were abnormal actions departing from accepted standards of social behavior.

acute – often also connotes an illness that is of short duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.

allergy – a misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system of defense against foreign invaders, particularly pathogens (the agents of infection).

amnesia – loss of memory sometimes including the memory of personal identity due to brain injury, shock, fatigue, repression, or illness or sometimes induced by anesthesia a period of amnesia after the wreck.

amputate – removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin.

anemia – the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood.

anesthesia – artificially induced loss of ability to feel pain, done to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

artery – a vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the farthest reaches of the body.

arthritis – a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.

asthma – a common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narrow the airways, creating breathing difficulties that may range from mild to life-threatening.

benign – refers to a condition, tumor, or growth that is not cancerous.

brace – an orthopedic appliance or apparatus applied to the body, particularly the trunk and lower limbs, to support the weight of the body, to correct or prevent deformities, or to control involuntary movements.

bruise – a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues.

chronic – diseases are in contrast to those that are acute (abrupt, sharp, and brief) or subacute (within the interval between acute and chronic).

convulsive – pertaining to, characterized by, or of the nature of a convulsion.

deficiency – a lack or shortage of a functional entity, by less than normal or necessary supply or function.

dehydration – excessive loss of body water.

delivery – the act of giving birth.

dementia – a usually progressive condition (as Alzheimer’s disease) marked by the development of multiple cognitive deficits (as memory impairment, aphasia, and inability to plan and initiate complex behavior)

deterioration – the process or condition of becoming worse.


medical words and meanings

diagnosis – the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person’s symptoms and signs.

disability – impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.

disorder – a physical or mental condition that is not normal or healthy.

dull – mentally slow or stupid.

emergency – an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person’s life or long-term health.

examination – is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.

fatal – causing or capable of causing death; mortal; deadly.

febrile – characterized by fever; called also feverish, pyrectic, and pyretic.

fluid – a non-solid substance (that is, liquid or gas) that tends to flow or conform to the shape of the container in which it is kept.

fracture – the breaking of a part, especially a bone.

genetic – pertaining to reproduction or to birth or origin.

germ – a cell or group of cells (called a primordium) capable of developing into an organ, a part or an organism in its entirety.

homeostasis – a property of cells, tissues, and organisms that allows the maintenance and regulation of the stability and constancy needed to function properly.

immune – being highly resistant to a disease because of the formation of humoral antibodies or the development of immunologically competent cells, or both, or as a result of some other mechanism, as interferon activities in viral infections.

immunization – the creation of immunity usually against a particular disease especially.

incision – a cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

infection – the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body.

influenza – usually referred to as the flu or grippe, influenza is a highly infectious respiratory disease.

injury – harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force.


medical words and meanings-1

laboratory test – a test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies, and certified expertise are available.

ligament – a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages, serving to support and strengthen joints.

malfunction – disordered, inadequate, or abnormal function.

malignant – tending to become progressively worse and to result in death.

memory – the mental faculty that enables one to retain and recall previously experienced sensations, impressions, information, and ideas.

mental – pertaining to the mind.

muscle – a body tissue consisting of long cells that contract when stimulated and produce motion.

nausea – a stomach distress with distaste for food and an urge to vomit.

navel – a depression in the middle of the abdomen that marks the point of former attachment of the umbilical cord to the embryo. — called also umbilicus.

nervous – easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or emotional instability; tense or anxious.

numb – insensible; lacking in feeling.

organism – any living individual, whether plant or animal, considered as a whole.

pancreas – a spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach.

paralyze – loss of voluntary movement (motor function).

patient – a person who requires medical care; a person receiving medical or dental care or treatment.

pediatrician – a physician who specializes in the development and care of infants and children and in the treatment of their diseases.

physician – A doctor; a person who has been educated, trained, and licensed to practice the art and science of medicine.

plasma – the liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes up about half of the volume of blood.

poison – a substance that, on ingestion, inhalation, absorption, application, injection, or development within the body, in relatively small amounts, may cause structural or functional disturbance. It is also known as toxin and venom.

prenatal – is the regular health care women should receive from an obstetrician or midwife during pregnancy.

prescription – a physician’s order for the preparation and administration of a drug or device for a patient.

prognosis – the forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease.

prone – lying face downward, or on the ventral surface.

rash – a visible lesion or group of lesions on the skin, caused by any of numerous factors including infectious agents, drugs, and allergies.


medical words and meanings-2

respiratory – also known as the respiratory system, the organs that are involved in breathing, including the nose, throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.

resuscitation – a life-saving emergency procedure that involves breathing for the victim and applying external chest compression to make the heart pump. Abbreviated CPR.

risk – something that increases a person’s chances of developing a disease.

seizure – a sudden attack, spasm, or convulsion, as in epilepsy or another disorder.

spasm – a brief, automatic jerking movement.

specimen – a sample of something, like a specimen of blood or body tissue that is taken for medical testing.

sprain – a common musculoskeletal injury in which the ligaments of the ankle partially or completely tear due to sudden stretching.

surgery – The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or injury. It can involve cutting, abrading, suturing, or otherwise physically changing body tissues and organs.

symptoms – any indication of disease perceived by the patient.

toddler – a young child who is learning to walk with short unsteady steps.

transplant – an organ or tissue taken from the body and grafted into another area of the same individual or another individual.

tumor – an abnormal mass of tissue.

vein – a blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back to the heart.

virus – a microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apart from a living cell.

ward – a division within a hospital for the care of numerous patients having the same condition, e.g., a maternity ward.

wound – an injury to an organism, especially one in which the skin or another external surface is torn, pierced, cut, or otherwise broken.


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