All living things and non-living things are part of the environment. Study the following words related to the environment which will assist you in expanding your vocabulary.

Here are some of the words related to it. Enjoy learning! 🙂


vocabulary environment

acid rain – rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes.


vocabulary environment-1

atmosphere – a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

biodegradable – (of a substance or object) capable of being decomposed by bacteria or other living organisms.


what is biodiversity

biodiversity – the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem.

biosphere – the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, including their interaction with the elements of the lithosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.

carbon – the chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal which has two main forms (diamond and graphite) and which also occurs in impure form in charcoal, soot, and coal.

carbon dioxide – a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration.

carbon monoxide – a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon.


vocabulary environment-2

catastrophe – an event causing great and often sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.

climate – the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place.


vocabulary environment-3

coastal area – the land and sea areas bordering the shoreline.

contaminate – the presence of an unwanted constituent, harmful substance or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.

disaster – a sudden event, such as an accident or a natural catastrophe, that causes great damage or loss of life.


waste management

disposal – the action or process of throwing away or getting rid of something.


vocabulary environment-4

drought – a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.

ecology – the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.


vocabulary environment-5

ecosystem – all the plants, animals, and people living in an area considered together with their environment as a system of relationships.

emission – the act of sending out gas, heat, light, etc.

endangered – (of a species) seriously at risk of extinction.

energy conservation – the prevention of the wasteful use of energy, especially in order to ensure its continuing availability.

energy source – something such as oil, coal, or the sun, which can be used to provide power for light, heat, machines, etc.

energy-efficient – using little electricity, gas, etc.

environment – the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

environmentalist – a person who is concerned with or advocates the protection of the environment.

evolution – the process by which the physical characteristics of types of creatures change over time, new types of creatures develop, and others disappear.

fertilizer – a chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to increase its fertility.


vocabulary environment-7

global warming – a gradual increase in the earth’s temperature, caused by gases, esp. carbon dioxide, surrounding the earth.


vocabulary environment-8

industrial waste – the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, industries, mills, and mining operations.


vocabulary environment-9

marine life – also known as sea life or ocean life, is the plants, animals and other organisms that live in the salt water of the sea or ocean, or the brackish water of coastal estuaries.

natural gas – gas found underground that is used as a fuel.

oxygen – a colorless gas, one of the chemical elements, that forms a large part of the air on earth and is needed to keep most living things alive and to create fire.


vocabulary environment-10

ozone layer – a layer in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone, which absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth from the sun.

poisonous – (of a substance or plant) causing or capable of causing death or illness if taken into the body.

pollution – the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects.

radiation – the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.


vocabulary environment-11

rainforest – a forest in a tropical area that receives a lot of rain.


vocabulary environment-12

reforestation – the act of planting trees on an area of land that has become empty or spoiled.

stratosphere – the layer of the earth’s atmosphere above the troposphere, extending to about 32 miles (50 km) above the earth’s surface (the lower boundary of the mesosphere).

toxic waste – refer to chemical compounds produced by industry which, if they are ingested or breathed in by humans, can cause physiological damage.


vocabulary environment-13

wildlife – animals that live independently of people, in natural conditions.


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