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Some nouns with an “s” at the end are considered as plural nouns. However, not all plural nouns have an “s” at the end. There are nouns that need to be changed the one/two/three letters in the end or else nothing to change at all. To know more about it, read this and share to your friends who want to learn the English language.

Get ready and catch all these important information about the plural rules which absolutely help you out in constructing a sentence and pluralizing each noun.

 

1. To make the singular noun plural, just add an “s” to the end.

Example:

SingularPlural
frogfrogs
treetrees

 

2. Add “es” if the singular noun ends in -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z.

Example:

SingularPlural
busbuses
kisskisses
wishwishes
taxtaxes
blitzblitzes

 

 

3. Add “s” if the noun ends in “y” and the letter before “y” is a vowel.

Example:

SingularPlural
keykeys
holidayholidays

 

4. Change “y” to “i” and add “es” if the noun ends in “y” and the letter before “y” is consonant.

Example:

SingularPlural
storystories
citycities

 

5. Add “ves” if the noun ends in “f” or “fe.” Just remove the “f/fe.”

Example:

SingularPlural
loafloaves
wolfwolves

Exceptions: belief – beliefs, chef – chefs, roof – roofs, cliff – cliffs, chief – chiefs.

 

6. Add “es” if the noun ends in “o.”

Example:

SingularPlural
tomatotomatoes
heroheroes

Exceptions: halo – halos, photo – photos, piano – pianos.

 

7. Change the noun that ends in “us” to “i.”

Example:

SingularPlural
focusfoci
cactuscacti

 

8. Change the noun that ends in “on” to “a.”

Example:

SingularPlural
criterioncriteria
phenomenonphenomena

 

9. Change the noun that ends in “is” to “es.”

Example:

SingularPlural
ellipsisellipses
analysisanalyses

 

10. There are nouns that are spelled the same even in plural forms.

Example:

SingularPlural
sheepsheep
deerdeer
aircraftaircraft

 

11. There are nouns that become plural by changing the spelling in other ways than adding an “s” or “es” to the end of the word.

Example:

SingularPlural
footfeet
mousemice
personpeople
childchildren

 

To learn more about the English language, study with us at Genius English Proficiency Academy and subscribe to our YouTube channel for the English lesson videos.

YouTube Channel:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4pb0KE2bwzfhzd9NAm_Jcg

 

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