Suffix – a letter or group of letters added at the end of a word to make a new word.

There is a lot of suffixes in English. There may be more than one meaning in one suffix depending on the usage. It can be a noun, adjective, verb, or adverb.

In order to know more about it, here are some of the suffixes with their meanings and examples.


Suffix Meaning Example
-eer associate with something volunteer, engineer
-ence/-ance state or quality of reliance, eminence, compliance
-er/-or the one who performs the action orator, translator, trainer,
-ion the action or process of revision, creation
-ism belief or doctrine Agnosticism, communism
-ity the condition of equality, serenity
-ment the result of amusement, movement
-ness state of being happiness, calmness
-ship position held friendship, fellowship
-sion/-tion/-xion state of being obsession, population, complexion
-th state or quality of warmth, depth
-logy theory cosmology, theology
-hood state or quality of brotherhood, childhood
-dom state or quality of freedom, kingdom


Suffix Meaning Example
-able/-ible capable of being understandable, adaptable
-al pertaining to mechanical, industrial
-ese/-i denoting to Lebanese, Vietnamese, Iraqi
-ful full or notable of beautiful, wonderful
-ic/-cal pertaining to ecstatic, magical
-ish belonging to or state of being Spanish, Boyish
-ive having the nature of responsive, creative
-ian/-an belonging to Italian, American
-less without clueless, homeless
-ous/-ious characterized by various, victorious
-y characterized by sleepy, juicy


Suffix Meaning Example
-ate become validate, abominate
-en become golden, enlighten
-er action or process tighter, faster
-ish do accomplish, flourish
-fy/-ify make qualify, magnify
-ize become recognize, scrutinize


Suffix Meaning Example
-ly in what manner artificially, temporarily
-ward direction afterward, rearward
-wise in relation to otherwise, likewise



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