A suffix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to change the grammatical function (or part of speech) of the word.

Here are the common suffixes.

Suffix Meaning Example
-able, -ible able to be; capable of being changeable
-acy state or quality privacy
-age a result wreckage
-al, -ary of or related to monetary
-ance an action or state importance
-ant a person participant
-ed past tense or past participle danced
-ee a person employee
-en made of woolen
-ence an action or state difference
-er/or a person boxer, suitor
-ery a type of place or work machinery
-ess makes a feminine form princess
-est superlative strongest
-ful full of beautiful
-ic of or related to heroic
-ing present participle cooking
-ion, -tion act or process of reaction
-ish a little yellowish
-ism a belief or condition Buddhism
-ist a person mentalist
-ity, -ness state of continuity, hapiness
-ive likely to seductive
-less without homeless
-like similar to, like animallike
-logy study of anthropology
-ly in a manner firmly
-ment an action or state alignment
-ous full of or characterized by luminous
-ship position held ownership
-some a tendency to troublesome
-ward shows direction backward


Suffixes that make Nouns:

-age, -ance, -ant, -ee, -ence, -er/or, -ery, -ess, -ful, -ing, -ion, -ism, -ist, -ment.

Suffixes that make Adjectives:

-able, -en, -ful, -ible, -ish, -less, -like, -ous, -some.

Suffixes that make Adverbs:

-ly, -ward, -ways.


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